There are no secrets to effective egg production. Poultry farmers are rewarded with a consistent supply of high quality, marketable eggs from carefully chosen chickens who are fed, housed, and protected against disease, which may lead to increased egg output. A successful chicken farm or egg production enterprise must have effective management of the egg production process. Increasing productivity and quality can result in more earnings, lower expenses, and more satisfied customers with the final product. The successful management of laying flocks depends on the following techniques.
- Feed management– Feed and feeding suggestions for laying hens can seem inconsistent. Feed limitation is necessary if hens are to begin laying at the ideal time and in the optimum condition. Hens should begin laying no earlier than 22 weeks old, and they should be in the optimal weight range, not too young or too fat. The duration and calibre of the whole performance will decrease if sexual maturity is acquired too early. By carefully limiting nutrition at the proper time and in the proper manner, as suggested for certain breeds by farms that sell day-old chicks, these issues may be avoided.
- Heat stress management- Chickens are more suited to staying warm than to staying chilly. The average body temperature (41.3°C) is just a few degrees centigrade below the point at which tissue death and enzyme inactivation start to occur. The optimal temperature for hens is 12.8°C, which is much lower than the normal daily temperatures in tropical Asia, where heat stress is a major potential concern.
- Appropriate Nutrients- A full, balanced diet is necessary for chickens of all breeds and ages. In order to provide a flock with all the nutrition it requires in one package, feed mills combine the available components in different ways. Some farmers dilute the quantities of nutrients the hens are receiving by combining full meals with less expensive scratch grains, which can lead to nutritional deficits. The development of pullets and the degree of hen production can both be negatively impacted by nutrient shortages.
Strategies to maximize the efficiency of egg production
You must follow the steps outlined below if you want your chickens to boost their egg production.
- Provide basic needs- You must provide them with nutrient-rich riceunits, protein, carbs, vitamins, and minerals every day to maintain their bodies operating properly. To maintain the laying flock’s robustness and provide a solid egg shell, it is crucial to supplement their daily meal with between 16 and 18 percent protein and 3 percent calcium. Also for optimum egg production, a steady supply of fresh, clean water is also required. Water makes up half of both the egg’s volume and the body of the hen. You won’t see a rise in egg production if you don’t provide adequate fresh water.
- Clean the coops- It is irrelevant which rearing method you choose, but the setting in which you raise your birds is what actually matters. Avoid overcrowding and make an effort to maintain the area as tidy as you can. Additionally, you should not permit any guests to your property, and if you must go there, you should take a shower first.
- Provide Nest Boxes- You must encourage your birds to deposit their eggs in the places you choose if you want clean and nice eggs. Do not allow them to lay eggs in a particular area of the coop. You might construct one as you would want to complete this job flawlessly. Keep a layer of soft litter, such as non-toxic wood shavings, on top of it and raise it at least two feet off the ground.
- Set an artificial light source– Another effective component that regulates egg production is light. 14 hours of light are required for the best egg production. Due to the lack of light and its intensity during the winter, hens produce fewer eggs. However, if you put on a source of artificial light on your farm and make sure there is enough light for 14 hours every day. The rate of egg production can be increased.
For the poultry farm, a reliable drainage system is essential. Adequate lighting fixtures are required to give sufficient light intensity. A sufficient quantity of clean, fresh water is also necessary. The chicken coop has to have lots of windows and ventilation. To make it simple to open the apertures as the weather changes, removable doors or curtains can be employed. By opening up the windows in the summer and closing them in the winter, you can maintain a comfortable and tidy home. You must know how to estimate the amount of eggs that your flocks can lay, as well as the elements that determine the rate at which eggs are produced. You must distinguish between the hens that lay eggs and those that do not. When you have thoroughly studied raising chickens, make sure you are ready to launch a profitable poultry farming business.